What Language Do They Speak in Bulgaria?

If you’re considering a vacation in Bulgaria, you might be wondering what language they speak. Bulgarian is a South Slavic language. It’s spoken by the people of Bulgaria, which is located in Southeastern Europe. This article will provide you with some information on the language.


Bulgarian is a South Slavic language that is spoken in Southeastern Europe. People who speak this language are referred to as Bulgarians. Learn more about this language. This language is spoken by the Bulgarians of the country of Bulgaria. It is used as the primary language in the country.

The Bulgarian language has a unique grammatical structure that differs from other Slavic languages. Its verbs have a three-part structure, including simple, compound, and hybrid. Bulgarian verbs have a definite article (noun or adjective), a vestigial infinitive, and a subjunctive mood. The language has a singular form of the imperative and two forms of the subjunctive.

The Bulgarian language is very simple to learn, and has a phonetic alphabet that makes it easy to understand. However, the language is difficult to read outside of large cities, so it is important to carry a small Bulgarian-English dictionary with you to use while traveling. You can also use Google Translator to get offline translations.


Despite Bulgaria’s membership in NATO and EU, English is not the first language spoken in Bulgaria. Most Bulgarians still speak Russian and understand most things in the language. But only those who attend elite secondary schools can freely explain what they mean. Fortunately, anti-Soviet sentiments did not develop during the 1990s, and schools that taught Russian in depth were preserved. As a result, English became the country’s most widely spoken foreign language after Bulgaria joined the European Union and NATO in 2004.

Although Bulgaria uses the Cyrillic alphabet, you will often see signs in English and Bulgarian for business, schools, and other establishments. Similarly, signs at intersections will have street names in both languages. Oftentimes, signs will also have information in English, such as directions to a particular location.

While Bulgarian is still largely the dominant language in Bulgaria, the younger generation tends to speak some English. English is more widely spoken in big cities, where younger Bulgarians are more likely to be exposed to English-speaking businesses and tourists.


Many Bulgarians speak a variety of languages, including German and French. Russian is the most common foreign language, with 35% of the population claiming to know the language. Italian and Spanish are second and third, respectively. French is the fourth most common language, with 5.5 million people speaking it as a first language.

English is widely spoken throughout Bulgaria, although it is not as common as in other western European countries. However, the language is widespread enough in Sofia for tourists to get by. The country’s language proficiency rate is still below that of Scandinavian countries, which have high rates of English proficiency. And with more younger Bulgarians moving to the country, it’s likely that English will be more widely spoken in the coming years.

Another minority language spoken in Bulgaria is the Turkish language. During the Ottoman occupation of the Balkans, Turks settled in Bulgaria from Anatolia. During this time, many Bulgarians converted to Islam. Today, they comprise the largest minority group in Bulgaria.


Greeks are an ethnic minority in Bulgaria and make up the eighth largest population. According to the 2011 census, there were 1,356 Greeks living in Bulgaria, although Greek organizations and the Bulgarian government estimated the population to be as high as 28,000. They are mostly concentrated in the coastal zone and major urban centres.

The majority of Bulgarians speak Bulgarian, the official language of the country. The language is used in all levels of education and throughout the media. The Bulgarian language has two distinct dialects, Standard Bulgarian and Palityan. The Pomak dialect, which is spoken in Greece, is a transitional dialect between Bulgarian and Serbian. The language has six vowels, with the un-stressed vowels being shorter than the stressed counterparts.

While Bulgarian is the official language of the country, Greek is widely spoken in some regions. The country’s population is made up of Bulgarian and Greek speakers. The two largest ethnic groups are Bulgarians and Turks. The Bulgarian language is written in Cyrillic, the same script used by Russian, Ukrainian, and Serbian. Greek and Romanian are also spoken in Bulgaria and are recognized by the Bulgarian government.


Bulgaria has a significant Turkish minority and a large number of Turkish speakers live in the country. The Turkish population consists of around 900,000 people, or about 10% of the country’s population. Most Turks are Christians, but they also practice Islam. They often practice traditional customs and speak Turkish as their first language. The government has worked to integrate the Turkish population into the local community.

Turkish is not a widely spoken language in Bulgaria, despite a large Turkish population. The country’s Turkish community comprises slightly more young people than Bulgaria’s general population. They account for eight percent of the country’s population and make up 9.7 percent of people aged between 20 and 60. The Turkish community in Bulgaria has produced a significant amount of Turkish literature, despite its small proportion.

The majority of Bulgarians identify themselves as ethnic Bulgarians, and their roots date back to the First Bulgarian Empire in 681. The second largest ethnic group is Turkish, which came to the country as a result of the 15th-century Ottoman invasion. The Turkish province of Kardzhali is the largest Turkish-populated region. Many Turks in Bulgaria identify as Muslims.


There are a lot of tourists from the US and Europe in Bulgaria. This can make the language barrier somewhat of a problem. But the good news is that you can use Google Translate to help you get around. Almost all mobile devices have Google Translate installed by default. You can download offline versions of the language translator to use when you’re offline. Though they are not as accurate as a human translator, they’ll help you get by.

Most Bulgarians speak Bulgarian as their first language. Turkish is the largest minority language, but is not widely spoken. Only 9% of the population speaks Turkish as a native language. English and Russian are the most widely used foreign languages, with German coming in third place. However, only about 2% of Bulgarians speak French well enough to hold a conversation in this language.

French is the eighth-most common language in Bulgaria, and is mostly spoken by older Bulgarians. It is also one of the oldest cities in Europe and a major city in the Roman Empire. However, the language is mainly taught as a second language in schools, with little French influence after the fall of the communist regime. Several Bulgarian words have been derived from Italian, French, and other European languages.

French influence on Bulgarian

The French language has a significant lexical influence on Bulgarian. The language has an extensive vocabulary of terms derived from the French language, including ‘balet’ (a type of bread), ‘v’lnenie’ (a form of agitation), ‘zhanr’ (a type of doughnut), and ‘ekran’ (a type of clock). English words have also penetrated the Bulgarian language through loan translations.

By the 19th century, American Protestant missionaries had begun to influence Bulgaria. In 1856, an American College was established in Samokov, and later moved to Sofia. The college sponsored many young Bulgarians to study abroad. Some of them became important political figures. Other young Bulgarians went to Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Switzerland to further their education.

Although French did not have an immediate influence on Bulgaria, it was still a significant influence. The language incorporated many words from French, including merci. At that time, incorporating French words was seen as an indicator of a modern mind. However, after communism, this influence waned. English instruction took its place. Merci was one of the few foreign words that survived in the Bulgarian language.

Russian influence on Bulgarian

The Russian influence on Bulgarian policy and the economy is widespread, as pro-Russian actors have consolidated their influence over Bulgarian politics and the government. Using a variety of tools, these actors are able to exert pressure on the government and influence policy. Whether these actors intend to achieve a political goal, they have no qualms about doing so.

Since the conflict started, the Bulgarian government has made efforts to distance itself from Russian interests. First, the government fast-tracked completion of the interconnector pipeline with Greece. It also halted purchases of Russian gas, despite Moscow’s demands for payment in roubles. Second, the cabinet fired the defence minister who had been hesitant to call out the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The latest step is the expulsion of Russian diplomats.

Bulgaria-Russia relations were further strained after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989. This occurred due to the varying political alignment of the two nations. Left-wing parties tended to be more supportive of close relations than right-wing ones. However, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia continued to attempt to interfere in Bulgarian politics. In March 2001, the Union of Democratic Forces (SDS) government expelled two Russian diplomats from Bulgaria. The Prime Minister, Ivan Kostov, was aware of Russian attempts to remove Bulgaria from its independence and that Russia had agents in the Bulgarian government.