What Countries Are Next to Slovenia?

If you’ve been wondering what countries are next to Slovenia, you’ve come to the right place. Below we’ve included a map of Slovenia and its surrounding countries, as well as its main rivers, cities, roads, and airports. The map is available free of charge and is a great resource for learning about the country. It is part of the Nations Online Project.

Historical background

The history of Slovenia dates back to the Roman era, when the country was part of the Slavic world. During the Middle Ages, it became a part of the Carolingian Empire. In 623 AD, a group of Alpine Slavs under the leadership of Slavic King Samo merged their tribes into a larger group. Samo ruled Carniola, which is now Slovenia. After Samo’s death, the Slavs living north of the Karavanke range established an independent principality called Carantania. This principality included present-day Carniola, East Tyrol, and Styria.

Slovenes originally inhabited the area, and they were later joined by Slavic tribes from Italy and the Czech Republic. They eventually came to the region through the Pannonian Plain, settling in the area. Eventually, the Romans conquered the region and established the provinces of Pannonia and Noricum. Later, the region came under the X region of Venetia and Histria, with cities such as Emona and Celestia being important. Other significant towns in the area include Carinthia, Haliaetum, and Atrans.

Slovenia’s history is full of conflict. It experienced several wars during the nineteenth century. The Habsburg monarchy and the Venetian Republic both fought in its territory, which further heightened tensions and social divisions. Meanwhile, both the Christian and Socialist movements mobilized the masses. In 1905, the Slovene mining town of Idrija elected the first Socialist mayor in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the same year, the Christian socialist activist Janez Evangelist Krek organized hundreds of workers in the countryside.


Slovenia is situated in central and southeast Europe and borders the Adriatic Sea. Its mountain ranges include the Julian Alps, Karawank chain and Pohorje massif. In the north of the country, the Julian Alps dominate, while the Adriatic Sea dominates the south. There are also numerous lakes and wetlands, and the country has an interesting geological history.

Slovenia is largely forested, with 60 percent of its land covered in forest. The country is home to the remnants of primeval forests, such as the Kocevje region. It also has a diverse landscape that includes grasslands, vineyards and fields. The population of Slovenia is largely rural, with many isolated farmhouses dotting the landscape.

Slovenia’s landscapes are rich in diversity and are important on a global scale. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the landscape and its significance to Slovenians. It is intended for students of regional and global geography, and can serve as a practical field guide to Slovenia’s diverse landscapes and natural features.

Slovenia’s complex geology has resulted in a unique pedological mosaic. In the northwest, the Dinaric Plateau covers much of Slovenia’s terrain, with limestone and dolomite forming its ridges and valleys. Nearly three-quarters of Slovenia’s land is covered in forest, which contributes to the country’s reputation as a very forested country. The region is home to many good alluvial and bog varieties.


Slovenia has a temperate Mediterranean climate. The coastal region has warm, humid summers. The interior of the country has cold winters. Temperatures in July are on average in the mid-twenties and in January they are as low as -1degC. The country’s average annual rainfall is 139cm 59in.

Slovenia’s climate reflects the influence of the Alpine mountains and the Adriatic Sea. The close proximity to the Adriatic Sea blocks the path of cold northern winds while the mountain ranges delay the passage of southern air masses. Slovenia is classified into three climatic zones. Its sub-national units have the highest and lowest precipitation sums.

Slovenia’s cold season starts in early December and lasts for approximately three months. On the coast, the winter is considered “warm”. Average daily temperatures in January are between 2 and 4degC. Snow is not common. During the winter months, the “Bora” wind blows until April. The plain region experiences a milder winter. Snowflakes melt quickly when temperatures drop below zero.

Slovenia has a continental climate, although the northern part of the country experiences a primarily Mediterranean climate. The climate in the interior is milder than that of the coast. The warmest months of the year are spring and autumn. The coldest months are January and February, while daytime temperatures seldom exceed the mid-twenties in the mountainous region. The precipitation in Slovenia is moderate, with an average of 3000 mm in total per year.


Slovenia is a small country in Central Europe with mountains, lakes, and ski resorts. The glacial Lake Bled contains a medieval castle, and Ljubljana, the capital, is a mix of baroque and 20th-century architecture. The city’s Tromostovje, or suspension bridge, was designed by Joe Plenik. It spans the Ljubljanica River.

The Slovenian school system has a strong emphasis on foreign language education, with children studying two languages by the end of elementary school. The language program is often extended to a third, optional language during upper secondary education. The language of Slovenia is widely spoken, and learning a few words can help you gain respect in the local culture. However, it is important to speak in simple English to avoid misunderstandings.

The pronunciation of Slovene can be challenging for Germanic speakers, as many of its words are inflected. As a result, words vary in their pronunciation depending on number and gender. It is also one of only two Slavic languages to use two alphabets. The Slovene language uses a Latin script and the same digraphs and characters as Serbo-Croatian.


Slovenia’s varied topography includes both mountainous and flat terrain. At the highest altitudes, the country features high meadows and junipers. At lower elevations, you’ll find deciduous and coniferous forests, karstic heath, and maquis. The Slovene Litoral, on the other hand, contains typical Mediterranean brushwood.

Outside the coastal region, Slovenia’s topography features karstic plateaus, karstic poljes, and valleys. The only major flat area is in the northeast. This area has a history of earthquakes, and in 1895, Ljubljana was severely damaged by a quake.

Slovenia has a hilly landscape, with nearly 90% of its surface area being above 700 feet above sea level. Its vegetation is also very varied, with forests covering about 50% of the country’s land area. The major rivers are the Drava and Sava, which meet in Belgrade. The Mura and Soca also flow through Slovenia.

Slovenia is bordered by Austria, Croatia, and Italy. It has a small coastal strip on the Adriatic Sea and a mountainous region with numerous rivers to the east. The country is home to some of the world’s most beautiful waterfalls and caves. Its population is approximately two million. The country’s economy is largely based on manufacturing, information technology, and pharmaceuticals.


The majority of citizens of Slovenia practice Christianity, with the Catholic Church the largest Christian denomination in the country. Minorities practice Judaism, Hinduism, and Eastern Orthodoxy. Islam is also a popular religion in Slovenia, but its followers are in the minority. The country is a tolerant society, and all religions are welcome.

Christianity first reached Slovenia in the 8th century. It was later adopted by the Slavic tribes. In the early 20th century, the Roman Catholic Church was the dominant religion in Slovenia. However, a group of conservative Catholics fled the country after the Second World War, and its influence faded in the country. During the Soviet era, religious practices in Slovenia became increasingly secular, and Communist rule resulted in religious persecution.

While the country is still very welcoming to believers from all walks of life, many Muslims experience discrimination. Nevertheless, they are treated well and are respected by the Slovene population. The government recently approved the registration of four new religious groups, including the Islamic Community of Grace, the Community of Zandernatis, and the Daoists Temple of Highest Harmony.

Economic status

Slovenia is an Eastern European country with a variety of economic sectors. The country is famous for its lakes, ski resorts, and mountains. The glacial Lake Bled is fed by hot springs and contains a medieval castle. The country’s capital, Ljubljana, has a beautiful mix of baroque facades and 20th-century architecture. The city is also home to the Tromostovje, a bridge across the Ljubljanica River.

Slovenia’s economy is heavily dependent on international trade. With a population of just over two million, Slovenia’s economy is very vulnerable to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, international price fluctuations, and economic conditions among larger trading partners. Nevertheless, the country is experiencing healthy economic growth. As a result, its GDP is expected to grow by 4.5 percent this year and by 3% in 2019. The country’s public debt is low, ranging from 69.7% in 2016 to just under six percent in 2018.

Slovenia’s trade balance is structurally positive. Its trade surplus was 9.2% of GDP in 2020. Slovenia’s exports were up 19.8% in 2020 compared to the previous year, but its imports increased by 30.8%. In addition, Slovenia is a net exporter of services.