What Countries Are Next to North Macedonia?

To help you find out more about the countries next to North Macedonia, we’ve included some information about each country’s Geological features, Climate, Religion, and Economy. We’ve also mapped the capital and most populous cities. Next to North Macedonia, the countries of Greece, Serbia, Albania, and Montenegro are located between Greece and Bulgaria.

Geological features

Geological features of North Macedonia include a variety of rocks and minerals. In addition to iron ore, North Macedonia also has large deposits of lead, zinc, and manganese. Metallurgical operations also provide significant amounts of energy to the country. However, the country is also known for its high seismic risk and air pollution.

In addition to these rocks and minerals, North Macedonia also has a diverse range of flora and fauna. Most of the region is largely mountainous, with many peaks rising above the tree line at around 2,004 metres. The highest mountain, Mount Korab, is located in the northwest of the country. The region’s forests are home to a range of species, including small lizards, birds, and other wildlife.

The country’s rocks and minerals include massive limestones that date back to the Tithonian period. In addition, the region’s geological features include granodiorites, granites, and basalts. Some of these formations have the characteristics of volcanic activity, and they are often found along active fault lines.

The country’s climate is mild, with long, dry summers and short, cold winters. Average temperatures are around 25degC in summer and 0.5degC in winter. Short periods of extreme temperature are also common. The average annual rainfall is 445.5 mm and the average humidity is 66%. Due to the country’s location on a major fault line, the country is prone to earthquakes. There are around four to six earthquakes in the country each year, resulting in a total of six on the Medvedev-Sponheuer-Karnik international seismic scale.

North Macedonia has a complex border area with Serbia. Its south border extends for over two hundred kilometers. This boundary was created after World War II, after which Kosovo gained independence. The border follows a pattern of land features from Albania to the valley of the Vardar river.


Climate of the countries next to North Macedonia is influenced by the Alpine mountainous region, and is generally temperate with short summers and cold winters. The annual mean temperature varies from eight degrees Celsius in the north-west to more than 15 degrees Celsius in the central areas. The annual precipitation increases from the east to the west, and reaches up to a thousand millimeters in the mountainous areas bordering Albania.

The climate in North Macedonia is continental, and has no outlet to the sea. Mountain ranges separate it from the Aegean Sea and the Adriatic Sea. Because of this, most cities are located at higher altitudes than sea level, which adds to the winter cold and summer heat. However, heavy snowfalls can delay travel.

The climate of the countries next to North Macedonia varies from country to country. The lower slopes of the country are covered in deciduous woodland, while the higher parts are covered by conifers. There are some areas of forest that have been cleared to serve as rough pasture in the summer. The forests support a wide variety of wildlife. Insects and small lizards are abundant.

North Macedonia’s economy is largely dependent on trade and agriculture. Its major trading partners include Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Romania, and Italy. The country’s main exports include food and clothing products. The economy of North Macedonia is able to meet its basic food needs and can also supply electricity through coal and hydroelectric power plants.

North Macedonia is located in the Southeastern European region. It borders Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia to the east, and Albania to the west. Its capital is Skopje.


Religion is an important part of national and ethnic identity. In North Macedonia, Orthodox Christians make up the majority of the population, with only a small minority of Muslims. Nevertheless, this region is home to many churches, mosques, and synagogues. This makes it a religious hotspot and border region for different cultures.

The country is largely mountainous, with many peaks rising above the tree line of around 2,000 metres. Mount Korab, the country’s highest peak, rises up to 9,030 feet (2,752 metres) above sea level. In the northwest of the country, the Sar Mountains rise high. Deforestation has led to dramatic erosion of the area’s forests, although the fertile valleys make for a good agricultural potential.

Macedonia is also home to the Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Church, which was founded in 2001. It is a Christian denomination with approximately 11,266 members, and uses the Macedonian language in its liturgy. A recent census estimated that 6.746 Macedonians were Catholics.

Religion in the country of North Macedonia is largely Christian, but there are also large ethnic communities of Roma, Turks, and Serbs. Other minorities include Bosniaks and Vlachs, who speak a language closely related to Romanian. Most of the Vlachs live in Krusevo, an ancient mountain town.

Religion in the Balkans is much more religious than in Western Europe, according to a recent WIN/Gallup International study. A recent poll by Gallup International shows that Albania and Hungary are the most religious countries in Europe, while Romania and Italy are the least religious. Although Albania and Bulgaria are the only countries in the region that do not practice organized religion, religiousness is very important in the lives of people.

The collapse of the communist regime in Albania has caused rapid changes in the country. Albania is now struggling with a crisis of identity. As the country is one of the poorest and least developed countries in Europe, many people have moved elsewhere to seek better opportunities. These changes have impacted the country’s spiritual worldview, which has been influenced by superstition, Islam, and atheism. In fact, there are just a few Albanian believers left who share their faith with their fellow countrymen.


The economy of North Macedonia is diverse, and is based on a variety of industries, including tourism and manufacturing. The country gained its independence in 1991 as one of the successor states to Yugoslavia. Despite its small size, North Macedonia is growing quickly. Tourism has become a key economic sector in the country, as has manufacturing, which accounts for more than half its GDP.

The economy of North Macedonia is based on manufacturing, agriculture, and services. Agriculture contributes about a tenth of the GDP and employs about one-sixth of the workforce. Manufacturing accounts for one-tenth to one-fifth of employment. It produces metal and plastic products, and also has wood-processing industries.

Agriculture is one of the key sectors of the Macedonian economy, accounting for about 12 percent of the GDP and 22 percent of employment. However, the industry faces a variety of challenges, including limited access to productive assets, weak value chains, and high vulnerability to climate change. Therefore, the Government and FAO have committed to support agriculture in North Macedonia through FAO’s agriculture programs in two main areas: small farms and women farmers, and climate action and natural resource management.

Another priority of the government is energy security. Skopje is one of the most polluted cities in Europe, and is pursuing plans to source 38 per cent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030. The government is also introducing retraining and skill development programs to ensure the country’s workforce is skilled and capable of the growing global economy.

North Macedonia’s economic growth has increased in recent years. The country has benefited from liberalized trade with the European Union and the World Trade Organization. North Macedonia has also joined the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). Despite its relatively small size, North Macedonia has become increasingly integrated into the international market. According to the World Bank, North Macedonia’s trade-to-GDP ratio in 2019 was over 133%.


The Republic of North Macedonia is a landlocked country in Southeastern Europe. It shares borders with Serbia and Greece to the east and south, and Bulgaria and Albania to the west. It gained independence in 1991 after parting company with the former Yugoslav Republic. Its borders are as follows:

The country is home to large areas of forest vegetation. Deciduous trees dominate the lower slopes while conifers grow at higher elevations. Some areas have been cleared for summer pasture. The forests of North Macedonia are home to a range of animals. Insects and small lizards are abundant.

Phytosanitary measures in the country are being improved to ensure food safety. The state agriculture inspectorate of North Macedonia, the country’s phytosanitary authority, is working to reduce the risks that arise from increased regional and international trade. By implementing a more systematic phytosanitary approach, North Macedonia is better able to manage the risks associated with imported fruits and vegetables.

Geographically, North Macedonia borders Greece and Bulgaria. Its major rivers, the Strumica River and the Vardar River, drain into the Aegean Sea. Moreover, the Crni Drim River flows northward to the Adriatic Sea. Its narrow gorges facilitate damming of the rivers for the production of electric power.

While the Albanian population are physically present in North Macedonia, their political and cultural identity has not been unified. Despite this, far-right Macedonians have pursued a narrative that the Albanians own the state. This is incompatible with historical reality. The 2001 Ohrid Framework Agreement, signed by the Macedonian government and ethnic Albanian guerrillas, dissolved the ethnic conflict within the state.

The geography of North Macedonia is very diverse. It is mountainous, with a range of peaks rising above the tree line (6,000 feet/2,004 metres). The highest point is Mount Korab, at a height of 9,030 feet (2,752 metres) above sea level. The country has four national parks. The climate in North Macedonia is Mediterranean with cool winters and hot summers.